Banovina building is located on the right bank of the Nišava, close to the entrance to the Fortress. It was built in 1889 for Niš County Administration. In addition to the beauty of its architecture, the building has also been important in the history of Niš and Serbia.
At the beginning of World War One, from 26 July 1914 till 16 October 1915, Niš was the “war capital of Serbia” and this building housed the Serbian Government and Foreign Ministry. On Tuesday, 28 July 1914 the official declaration of war to Serbia by Austro-Hungary arrived here, in a manner unprecedented in diplomatic relations – via a telegram. It was received by the Serbian Prime Minister Nikola Pašić.
On 4 September 1914 in this building, the “Treaty between Serbia and Albania”, also known as “Niš Treaty” was signed by Essad Pashё Toptani and Nikola Pašić. It entailed joint defense, customs and representation abroad. It was would prove very important in the winter of 1915 when the Serbian army retreated over Albania.
The second stage of construction commenced in 1930 when Niš became the seat of Moravska Banovina (District). The building got its present look in 1935. After World War Two it was the municipal seat, while since 1966 the building has been the seat of the University of Niš.
Taken from the official website of the Tourist Organisation of Niš